participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.

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According to the bill BRASIL,the RVS must ensure conditions for the existence and reproduction of local flora species or communities as well as of resident or migratory fauna. Llei first stage of the Brazilian National Conservation Unit System Plan proves that inspiration, since the plan states that the goal of the Wildlife Sanctuary or Refuge is to ensure the survival of species or populations of migratory or resident fauna, endemic and unique biotopes, with regional, national or global significance.

This chapter explicitly determined the creation and delimitation of protected areas and confirmed the common duty of both the society and the State in maintaining and protecting nature.

Parques | Unidades de Conservação

On the other hand, the documentary research focused on investigating bills, minutes of meetings and public hearings, standards and relevant legislation in order to reconstruct the history of the Brazilian Conservation Units’ creation and management, especially that of the RVS category. Based on the works by Max Weber, Leff shows possible ways to analyze environmental issues and indicates the concept of rationality as being of great value to it.

IUCN is currently the leading international organization that directs global policies concerning protected areas. However, these difficulties are not strong enough to consider it as an unviable category. This variety of categories would also represent the environmental diversity presented by a mega-diverse country of continental proportions such as Brazil.


However, Brazil only ratified the Biodiversity Convention in Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No. In addition, it is in a way linked to species, rather than to the overall sjuc, and it is also related to small areas. The concept of people as users evolved into that of managers.

Regarding the Amazon, the same plan determined the immediate establishment of National Parks and Forests. It could be concluded that the difficulties generated by the category location in an intersection between full protection and sustainable use, combined with the lack of regulation, are expressed in sncu different levels of relationship with the RVS.

It is Boa Nova RVS, which, among other goals, seeks to protect viable slender antbird Snjc ardesiacus populations.

Factsheet: SNUC

However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’. The first debates held in the country aiming at creating protected areas date back to the Nineteenth Century.

SNUC, in its broad range of CU categories, meets preservationist and socio-environmentalist goals, and it also allows certain flexibility in categories such as RVS. Finally, there are managers who consider the category, in a way, as a forced practice of sustainable development, as it can be seen in the following statement: The managers responded between May and August It was observed that three different opinions on the category origin and on its current role find place in the debate proposed in the current research.

It also raised hypotheses about the concepts involved in the creation federal CUs belonging to this category and about the possible meaning managers attribute to RVS. It also analyzes the answers given by the managers of the seven existing federal RVS. Acesso li 25 jun.

In addition, one of the opinions reflects the impression by the manager that the category was chosen as a strategy for the government to escape from the burden of expropriation. According to Medeiros, Irving and Garaythe s were particularly relevant to the management of protected areas. Therefore, the RVS category may be asserted.


Some hypotheses can be raised to explain this limitation: Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente. Souza even suggests the category extinction or its displacement to the group of sustainable use conservation units. According to the same author op.

This definition was included in Feldmann’s clean bill as anuc one that does not involve consumption, collection, damage or destruction of natural dnuc SOUZA,Annex A and thus, it was kept in the SNUC publication. On the other hand, Feldmann’s clean bill stated that “the private properties held in the Wildlife Refuges may breed domestic animals compatible with the unit’s purposes, according to its Management Plan” SOUZA,Annex A.


However, throughout the long SNUC development process, the category definition has undergone changes that led it to be differently applied in practice. Despite the concept change that may be occurring, the RVS management barriers remain, and they are often caused by the preservationist trend predominance even at higher ICMBio levels. The environmental crisis may be interpreted as a reflection of the instrumental rationality limits.

Wildlife Refuge; management of protected areas; rationality. Three of the four other statements obtained by Pureza about the RVS concept explicitly relate the category function to wildlife protection. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. How to cite this article. Finally, there are managers who consider the category, in a way, as a forced practice of sustainable development, as it can be seen in the following statement:.

The current study comes from an exploratory research GIL, and it has the aim to deepen the knowledge about an underexplored conservation unit category, namely: