“Documento Conpes Política Nacional De Ciencia Y Tecnología ” “Documento Conpes ” “Documento Conpes. CONPES En el documento CONPES Colombia plantea estrategias para el desarrollo del Sistema Logístico Nacional, en el que participan difer. Este documento presenta el Plan de Acción Sectorial de Mitigación (PAS) desde la perspectiva .. enfatizó fue la construcción de un documento CONPES de Lineamientos de Política de. Cambio . Política Nacional Logística CONPES

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The proposed methodology consisted of 5 stages: Expert opinion was favoured in the lower maximum deviation value of the experts’ opinions. A combination of expert methods and goal programming techniques were used, identifying the three most important factors for this sector as being transport infrastructure quality, the region’s agricultural capacity and utility quality and reliability.

Based on the above results and taking into account that biofuel industries are considered a strategic sector for Colombian development, national and local governments must design appropriate policies for improving the country’s performance regarding the identified factors. Final selection of factors.

Plant location and place marketing: The sixth factor F 6 referred to the social benefits that a project might generate for the region’s inhabitants, especially concerning job creation. The seventh documentp F 7 took into account the region’s agricultural capacity for supplying the main raw material biomass.

Based on earlier contributions, especially those related to the biofuel industry, a preliminary list of potential factors possibility affecting FLD had to be prepared. Incident factors in facility location: However, the experts included an additional factor: The experts’ ranking of factors was evaluated by calculating Kendall’s coefficient of concordance K. Factors were then weighted based on the experts’ previous ranking. They took two important elements into consideration: They also included new factors if necessary.

Table 6 shows the experts’ maximum deviation values based on the rating for each factor. Choosing the right place to set up a company becomes a decision that should be carefully analysed.

Two main issues must be addressed when studying factors affecting Doucmento for a particular industrial sector: GP enabled weighting W i each factor i taking into account the level of importance given by the experts j.


Management International Review, Vol.

Facility location is a high-impact decision affecting costs and customer service. Many authors have considered that cost is a relevant factor in FLD; however, several empirical studies have considered other factors, such as social, technological, economic, environmental, political and regulatory issues.

The fifth factor F 5 was related to the community’s attitude towards a particular project. All other experts’ opinions were favourable for the 0. This is an extension of linear programming for handling multiple, normally-conflicting objective measures Jones and Tamiz, An application in the Colombian biofuel sector.

GP includes three types of variant: Equations 5 to 8 gave: Furthermore, FLD affect service variables such as delivery time and flexibility Mazzarol and Choo, The experts prioritised the factors; the three most important factors were the region’s agricultural capacity F 7transport infrastructure quality F 4 and quality and reliability of utilities 3followed by F 5F 6F 1 and F 2 see Table 4.

Facility location decisions FLD establish the most suitable location for a company in the supply chain Melo et al. Previous research and government reports were reviewed and experts consulted to construct the preliminary list of factors. Associate professor Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Other significant contributions have been made by Domingo VenturaFarahani et al.

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Only quantitative factors were considered transportation costs, energy, labour were concerned in pioneering studies concerned with facility location theory, little attention being paid to qualitative factors Hormigo Ventura, ; however, due to the growth in global competition and the need for some companies to relocate, ocnpes during the last cnopes decades have taken a broad set of factors into consideration whose relevance may vary depending on business size, economic sector and country.

The equations related to this stage were:. The process was repeated in several successive rounds; the list docuemnto factors was rebuilt in each round until reaching final agreement Ziglio, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol.

Consulted on June 25th One of the most important issues regarding FLD is to identify and prioritise influential factors. This paper was thus aimed at showing the results of a Colombian biofuel sector study to establish a set of relevant factors to be considered in FLD related to this kind of company; the article ranked factors to identify the most relevant ones. A preliminary list of factors was prepared, based on the state of the art; the list was then reviewed by four experts two academic and two consultants having extensive expertise in the biofuel industry.


These decisions affect initial in-vestment and procurement costs, manufacturing and distribution. Security and criminality is an important factor for agribusiness projects in Colombia, due to their rural location. A sensitivity analysis was used for the fluctuation factor, varying its value from 0 to 1.

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Some experts had the 33547 to examine the list to improve it. The Delphi method and its application to social policy and conpew health.

Table 2 shows the list of experts, including their professional profile and type of work. Several factors which must be considered in FLD have been identified in the state of the art; however, not all of them are relevant in all contexts. The fourth factor F 4 addressed issues related to transport infrastructure access and quality roads, ports and transport modes. Due to the minimum value for the objective function Z occurring for the 0.

The number of experts depends on the aim of analysis and group homogeneity; according to Ziglioa small group of 10 to 15 experts is usually enough to achieve reliable results. After three rounds of work, the experts chose a group of seven relevant factors for Colombia.

This factor is infrequently mentioned in the pertinent literature and arises from the political and social context. Calculating the level of agreement between experts. Regarding the biofuel sector, Bello Pintado and Cotin Pilart found that the influential factors in FLD were the availability, quality and reliability of transport modes, telecommunications’ quality, production system capability, marketplace location, the number of nearby competitors and population density.