H E Christian Topography of Cosmas, surnamed Indicopleustes, or the Indian Navigator, has been preserved in two copies: one a parchment MS. of the tenth. (COSMAS THE INDIAN VOYAGER). A Greek traveller and geographer of the first half of the sixth century, b. at Alexandria, Egypt. Cosmas probably received. 1. TITLE: World Pictures of Cosmas. DATE: A.D.. AUTHOR: Cosmas Indicopleustes of Alexandria. DESCRIPTION: Much of the tone of medieval European.

Author: Talrajas JoJojin
Country: Ecuador
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 20 April 2010
Pages: 329
PDF File Size: 2.45 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.8 Mb
ISBN: 761-6-49002-510-2
Downloads: 13942
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Akinokazahn

Translated from the Greek, and Edited with Notes and Introduction. The twelfth xxv and last book shows that several of the old Pagan writers bore testimony to the antiquity of the Old Testament scriptures.

The earlier date thus probably indicates the time when he began to make such additions, and the later when he was making the last, or one of the last, recensions of his work. It is essentially controversial, its professed design being to refute, from Scripture and common sense, the impious Pagan cosmography, according to which the earth is a sphere; and indicopleustfs centre around which the heaven, which is also a sphere, revolves with all its luminaries.

The Pagan theory which Cosmas especially detested, and made most frequently the imdicopleustes of his scornful and violent invective, was that which maintained that the heavens were spherical and in constant revolution. He condemns it as being below mediocrity in style, and faulty in its syntax; and at the same time calls in question the author’s veracity, saying that he makes up stories so incredible that he may fairly be regarded as a writer of fables rather than of facts.

Author Cosmas Indicopleustes, active 6th century. This article uses text taken from the Preface to the Online English translation of the Christian Topographywhich is in the public domain.

The Christian Topography of Cosmas Indicopleustes – World Digital Library

The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity. Montfaucon, in his Preface, credits him with the discovery, in the Abyssinian province called Agau, of the true source of the Nile.

Farley, Archbishop of New York. The base is formed by the surface of the earth, around which flows the ocean; on the other side of the ocean lies another — unknown — continent, from which rise the walls that support the firmament above. To the Topography, when first published, Cosmas prefixed two prologues, in the first of which he exhorts his readers to bestow upon his works a diligent and careful perusal; and in the second, which contained the dedication to Pamphilus and apologies for his own shortcomings as a writer, he points out the nature of the contents of each of the five books of which the work then consisted.

In a subsequent passage dealing with the same topic, he says: The exposition is given, and Cosmas then proceeds to show how the minds of the Babylonians had been impressed by the miraculous sign of the retrogression of the shadow upon the sun-dialand how Cyrus had been led to favour the Jews and dismiss them from their Babylonian captivity by his reading the prophecies of Isaiah which referred to himself even by name.


This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat Like Herodotus of old, he was ever athirst after knowledge, and when he was unable to visit places which lay in the vicinity of his route, he made inquiries about them from such persons as knew them and could be trusted to report things truly.

Of equal importance is the information he collected concerning Zanzibar and the Indian Ocean, and what he learned as to the trade of Abyssinia with the interior of Africa and of Egypt with the East. While an inmate of the monastery he wrote the “Topography” above mentioned, a work which gives him a position of importance among the geographers of the early Middle Ages.

In the second he propounds the true theory which all Christians are bound to accept, based as it is upon the inspired Word, and maintained, besides even by some of the Pagan philosophers themselves.

Notes were also added, chiefly to point out where discrepancies exist in the readings of the MSS. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

Cosmas Indicopleustes

The greater knowledge now possessed of the remote regions which Cosmas visited goes all to show that the thought of tickling the fancy of his readers with tales of wonder indicopleushes never entered his mind, but that on the contrary he was a man who had a supreme regard for truth, and who was at once an acute observer, and shrewd in judging the value of the information which he received from others. This article is about the 6th-century Byzantine geographer.

Had Cosmas in his monastery relapsed into what indicopleustfs there considered orthodoxy?

indicopkeustes How, then, is this earlier date to be reconciled with the later? The capital of Ethiopia at that time was Axum, an important centre of commerce, and also of religion and learning.

Cosmas Indicopleustes – Wikipedia

It is, indicoplejstes, in relating his travelling experiences that Cosmas is found at his best. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as inddicopleustes instant download. It was digitized in the early s as part of the Meeting of Frontiers project of the Library of Congress and partner institutions in the Russian Federation, the United States, and Germany.

By the citation of measurements of the earth made from east to west and from north to xxiii south, he seeks to prove that the length of the earth is twice its breadth. It was one of the places which Cosmas, in pursuit of his calling, visited, 7 and from one or two of his statements we may infer that he was well received at Court, and was permitted by the King, who professed the Christian faith and could speak Greek, to travel freely through his dominions.

In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Its author stated his position as an article of Christian faith, but even in those times there was anything but a inducopleustes agreement with csmas positive conclusions. The tenth book must therefore have been written in the year preceding. Internet URLs are the best. His education was confined to the more elementary branches of indicopelustes, such as would fit him for the career he pursued in the earlier part of his lifethat of a merchant.


Some of these have been copied into the existing manuscripts, the oldest dating to the 9th century. Indicopleuates were further encouraged when they afterwards saw that the Apostle Paul was caught up into the third heaven, and was there entertained with a glimpse of its glories.

Around Cosmas wrote the once-copiously illustrated Christian Topographya work partly based on his personal experiences as a merchant on the Lndicopleustes Sea and Indian Ocean in the early 6th century.

The Topography was republished at Venice in in Gallandi’s Bibliotheca veterum Patrum, and its most valuable sections were, printed, along with a French translation, at Paris inin Charton’s Voyageurs Anciens et Modernes.

It contains in all probability the oldest Christian maps that have survived. It is one of the earliest important essays in indicopleustez or strictly theoretic geography, within the Christian aera, written by a Christian thinker” p.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. In terms of content, the composition is a medieval encyclopedia of a unique character. The theory, again, by which Cosmas accounts for the vicissitudes of day and night is no less preposterous than his idea of the figure of the world.

Subject Date Around – The Greek text was illustrated by a learned introduction and a Latin translation of great elegance and accuracy. Cosmas Indicopleustes, an Alexandrian geographer writing in the 6th century, knew that Tzinitza China could be reached by sailing eastward, but he added: Cosmology aside, Cosmas proves to be an interesting and reliable guide, providing a window into a world that has since disappeared.

Isaac Voss first started this doubt, and Fabricius subsequently gave currency to the opinion that Cosmas was so called because his work was devoted to a description of the Kosmos: The condemnatory verdict of Photius upon the work of Cosmas has not indivopleustes endorsed by modern opinion. The work is divided into twelve books and indicopleusstes a description of the universeas Cosmas constructed it in his imaginationand an account of those regions which he had visited, or concerning which he had gathered information.

In the second book p. And such it has always been recognisedby some with rapture, by others with consternation, by most with derision.

Thus he tells us that he had sailed upon three of the great gulfs which run up into the earth from the ocean, namely, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and Persian Gulf.