Lukács, in his central text of History and Class Consciousness, and its central essay “Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat,” in particular, points . This book reads Georg Lukács’s History and Class Consciousness through the drafts of his unfinished philosophy of art (the so-called “Heidelberg Aesthetics”). Keywords: Lukács; Heidegger; Authenticity; Reification; Ontology. 1. Lukács on reification and Marxian alienation. Engels invented classical Marxism in Ludwig.

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This argument is the bridge between philosophy and social theory. Philosophy resembles art in that the tools and materials have their own logic.

He also continued to publish extensively on literature and art. The phenomenon of reification, long ignored, returns while masquerading in widely varying forms of literary as well as theoretical texts and contexts.

They are, therefore, only to be explained in terms of the nature of industrial capitalism itself. The Fundamental Dissonance of ReifcationLondon: Marx sees the matter in this way: If lukaccs can happen then it is evident that this process will be intensified in proportion as the relations which man establishes with objects as objects of the life process are mediated in the course of his social activity.

Furthermore, such a law must not merely impose itself despite the wishes of individuals, it may not even be fully and adequately knowable.

The capitalist production of commodities exhibits totalitarian qualities. However, this view transforms the process by which law comes into being and passes away into something as reificafion to the jurist as crises had been to the political economist.

Lukacs’ Theory of Reification

On the other hand, the period of time necessary for work to be accomplished which forms the basis of rational calculation is converted, as mechanisation and rationalisation are intensified, from a merely empirical average figure to an objectively calculable work-stint that confronts the worker as a fixed and established reality.


It is not possible here even to outline the way in which modern administration and law assume the characteristics of the factory as we noted above rather than those of the handicrafts.

It is evident that the philosophy of bourgeois society is incapable of this. Guido Speckmann, for example, is not altogether wrong when he writes in a review of Honneth: Though the concept of reification is used in Das Kapital by Marx, Althusser finds in it an important influence from the similar concept of alienation developed in the early The German Ideology and in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of The fate of the worker becomes the fate of society as a whole; indeed, this fate must become universal as otherwise industrialisation could not develop in this direction.

Towards a New PhilosophyLondon: Reification thus becomes social reality and a form of life. When a form is imposed on life that is not a form of that specific mode of life or if the form in question cannot be realized in empirical lifesuch an imposition always runs the risk of distorting the meanings of the particular actions or persons.

The trend to reify works of art as forces or objects of market activity continues well into our time. This phenomenon can be seen at its most grotesque in journalism.

Tailism and the DialecticsS. Hilferding puts his finger on the fallacy underlying all such explanations:.

This understanding of institutions entails that politics, as a form of action directed towards the social totality as a whole, must treat this totality, on the one hand, as being dependent on natural and biological facts that limit its potential transformations and, on the other hand, as increasingly being determined by laws of its own GW The diversity of approaches to History and Class Consciousness is no accident. This gives birth, in the shape of a philosophy of law to an impoverished and formalistic re-edition of natural law Stammler.


Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Lukacs’ theory of reification and contemporary social movements – Andrew Feenberg. Merlin, see part I in GW Columbia University Press, pp. History and Class Consciousness 3. Dokumente des Sozialismus 1II, The commodity character of the commodity, the abstract, quantitative mode of calculability shows itself here in its purest form: Commodity exchange an the corresponding subjective and objective commodity relations existed, as we know, when society was still very primitive.

However, there is a deeper connection: However, it is clear from his writings that he publicly defended Stalinist dogmas both in aesthetics and politics during the s, s and s a,while criticizing Stalin and Stalinism repeatedly later on see A philological study from the standpoint of historical materialism could profitably begin here.

He believes that reclaiming the attractiveness of socialism should go hand in hand with a turning away from Marx and his philosophical legacy.

Adorno Herbert Marcuse C. They diverge not only in place reificatioj time, but also logically. He worked and participated in intellectual circles in Budapest, Berlin where he was influenced by Georg SimmelFlorence and Heidelberg. But at the same time, form is necessary for life to become intelligible and unified see Bernstein